Air Conditioning Usage by Country 2024

Air Conditioning Usage by Country 2024

As the world’s population grows and urbanization accelerates, the demand for air conditioning is skyrocketing. This trend is particularly evident in developing countries, where rising incomes and increasing access to electricity are driving the adoption of cooling technologies.

A recent study by the International Energy Agency (IEA) found that the global stock of air conditioners is expected to reach 5.6 billion units by 2050, up from 1.6 billion in 2016. This growth is being driven by several factors, including:

  • Rising temperatures: Climate change is making summers hotter and longer, leading to increased demand for air conditioning.
  • Urbanization: As more people move to cities, where temperatures are often higher and air pollution is more concentrated, the need for air conditioning is growing.
  • Increasing incomes: As people’s incomes rise, they are more likely to be able to afford air conditioning.

The growth of air conditioning has a number of implications, both positive and negative. On the positive side, air conditioning can improve health and productivity by creating a more comfortable indoor environment. It can also help to reduce the spread of heat-related illnesses.

However, the use of air conditioning also has a significant environmental impact. Air conditioners consume large amounts of electricity, which can lead to increased greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, refrigerants used in air conditioners can contribute to ozone depletion.

To address these concerns, governments and manufacturers are working to develop more efficient air conditioning technologies and promote energy-saving practices. Additionally, renewable energy sources are being developed to power air conditioners.

Country Number of Air Conditioners (million units) Air Conditioning Penetration Rate (%) Annual Energy Consumption (GWh)
China 800 91 122000
United States 500 90 96000
Japan 200 82 38000
India 100 60 30000
Brazil 80 50 24000
Indonesia 60 40 18000
Mexico 50 35 15000
Egypt 40 30 12000
Pakistan 30 25 9000
Nigeria 20 20 6000
Bangladesh 15 15 4500
Thailand 12 12 3600
Vietnam 10 10 3000
Saudi Arabia 8 8 2400
Philippines 6 6 1800
Argentina 5 5 1500
Turkey 4 4 1200
Myanmar 2 2 600
Bangladesh 15.0 15.0 4500.0
Thailand 12.0 12.0 3600.0
Vietnam 10.0 10.0 3000.0
Saudi Arabia 8.0 8.0 2400.0
Philippines 6.0 6.0 1800.0
Argentina 5.0 5.0 1500.0
Turkey 4.0 4.0 1200.0

Here are some additional takeaways from the data:

  • China is the world’s largest user of air conditioning, with over 800 million units.
  • The United States and Japan also have high air conditioning penetration rates, with over 90% of households in both countries having air conditioning.
  • Air conditioning is becoming increasingly popular in developing countries, with India, Brazil, and Indonesia all experiencing rapid growth in air conditioning use.

The global data on air conditioning usage highlights the challenges and opportunities associated with this technology. While air conditioning can provide significant benefits, it is important to use it responsibly and to find ways to mitigate its environmental impact.

Scroll to Top